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Clearance '68 (clip 1)

Emigration from Scotland to Canada

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Documentary from the late 1960s discussing modern emigration from Scotland. This clip looks at the hopes and ambitions of the émigrés as well as the potential benefits to the economies of Scotland, Australia and Canada. The clip includes footage of Scots leaving to the sound of bagpipes playing and shots of life in Australia. It also shows a Scottish family visiting the Canadian consulate to discuss the process of emigrating.

Please note: Some racist attitudes are conveyed in this clip.

Questions & Activities


  • Where are these people going to and why?
  • Why do you think the piper was included in the film?
  • How do you think the emigrating children feel about the Canadian immigration officer's comments?
  • What do you think the family expect from their new life?
  • What countries have Scots traditionally emigrated to and why?
  • What are the main reasons people decide to leave their homes of origin?
  • What is the Commonwealth?


Choose or invent a country and design a social media campaign to "sell" that country as a potential new place for people to live and work.

Find out what leaving the European Union means for where you will be able to study, live and work in the future.

Discuss the factors that drive emigration and immigration and research the UK immigration process. How hard is it to settle in the UK? What restrictions are placed upon immigrants from different countries?

Write a story about a child or young person emigrating to another country (try a diary entry or a letter back home to your relatives about your experiences). This could be set in 1968 or the present day.

Find out about the racist 'White Australia' policy that operated until the 1960s.

Write a play about a family discussing whether to leave Scotland based on what they learned from the Canadian immigration officer.

Clip Details

Record Id 007-000-002-561-C
Resource Rights Holder Courtesy of Scottish Television
Project Ref T1128
Date 1968
Genre TV Documentary
School Subject History, English, Social Studies, Art and Design, Expressive Arts, Modern Studies, Media Studies, Drama
Subject Matter Citizenship, Immigration, Emigration, Tourism, Travel, Equalities, Colonialism, Racism, Commonwealth
Who Scottish Television (production company), Ted Williamson (director)
Where Glasgow (Emigration Centre), Prestwick Airport
Event Emigration, Migration
Attributes Black and White, Sound
Clip Length 7:14
Film Length 23:25